Freud Revisited: Androgyny, Depression, And Self-Esteem In Males And Females
“For there is nothing either good or bad, but thinking makes it so…” Hamlet by William Shakespeare (Act II – Sc. II).
It appears, that this not so new study yields support to this idea, at least in a social invironment that does exert sufficient pressure on its members with regard to acceptable sexual role behaviour.
Sex Roles Volume 10, Numbers 5-6 / März 1984Volume 10, Numbers 5-6 / März 1984 p. 457-467 doi 10.1007/BF00287562
Androgyny, depression, and self-esteem in irish homosexual and heterosexual males and females.
Helena M. Carlson1 and Leslie A. Baxter1
|(1)||Department of Psychology, Lewis and Clark College, 92719 Portland, Oregon|
Abstract An examination was made of the following research questions: (a) Do Irish homosexuals and heterosexuals differ in the frequency of their classification in sex-role categories? (b) Is sexual orientation related to psychological adjustment? (c) Is androgyny related to psychological adjustment? Subjects were 112 Irish men and women who were administered Bem’s Sex-Role Inventory, Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale, Zung’s Self-Rating Depression Scale, and a questionnaire. Results indicated that Irish homosexuals were classified more frequently than Irish heterosexuals as androgynous. Homosexuals did not differ from heterosexuals in self-esteem or depression scores. Among these Irish subjects, psychological sex-role category is a more powerful influence on psychological health than actual sexual orientation. It is not whether you are homosexual or heterosexual that affects your psychological health, but how you perceive your own psychological masculinity and femininity.